Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many linked types of clothing originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional commonly, pajamas may well check with quite a few garments, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The globally use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, along with the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for guys till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Males, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as zenske pidzame an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others with the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination product of delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas function a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.

Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by small children, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and can also be footed.

Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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